SEISMOLOGY, LITHOSPHERIC SEISMICITY, THEORETICAL GEOPHYSICS
- Physics of earthquakes: theory, modelling and seismic hazard.
- Human-induced seismicity: determining parameters of seismic phenomena, investigations of statistical structure of seismicity.
- Seismic hazard: seismic hazard assessment, evaluation of maximum peak ground acceleration of induced seismicity.
- Seismicity of Poland: structure and geodynamics of crust and upper mantle obtained from seismic investigations and natural seismicity.
- Seismic tomography, tomography of the seismic source, dynamics of cracking processes, probabilistic inversion theory.
- Application of stochastic processes and cellular automatons to the description of nonlinear geophysical phenomena.
- Mathematical modelling of macroscopic properties of porous media, analysis of effective transport models and flow models in porous media.
- Ozone layer: measurements of the total ozone content by the use of the Dobson and Brewer spectrophotometers, measurements of vertical ozone distribution with the Umkehr method and analysis of the ozone layer variations.
- Solar radiation with particular focus on the ultraviolet range of the Solar spectrum.
- Monitoring of atmospheric pollutants: sulfur dioxides, surface ozone, nitrogen oxides, carbon oxide, carbon dioxide, and content of particulate matter with diameter less than 10 µm in air.
- Storm electricity with particular focus on electrical discharges to the Earth and to the ionosphere (TLE). Electricity of fine weather, including measurements of electric field and geoelectric current density and electrical conductivity of air.
- Global atmospheric electric circuit.
- Planetary boundary layer.
HYDROLOGY AND HYDRODYNAMICS
- Investigation of the influence of changes in land use and water management on hydrology of lowland basins under varying climate conditions using regional climate models and hydrological models (Influence of changes in land use and water management on water resources in the basin scale under varying climate conditions).
- The study of the influence of climate change on river flow in Poland (Europe), determination of long- and short-term trends under extreme conditions (floods and droughts); relationships with NAO (North-Atlantic Oscillations) occurrences and North-Pacific weather regimes.
- Models of short-term flow forecast: forecasting of flows due to snow melt, models of ice melting for the purpose of flood protection, assimilation of observations in real time for the purpose of flood warning systems and control of water energy systems (Multicriterial management in real time).
- Warning Systems for ecological disasters as a result of accidental drop of pollutants; risk and uncertainty estimation in transport models and observations; determination of dynamic risk maps for watercourse pollution applied to Upper Narew.
- Development of modules for decision support systems for the management of balanced basins under uncertainty; application to the Upper Narew basin.
- Comparison of climate and hydrological conditions in Central Europe and Arctic regions.
- Transport and diffusion of debris particles dragged by turbulent water flow including the influence of water plants.
- Analysis of conditions of formation and dynamics of bottom molds.
- Flow-sediment-biota interactions.
POLAR AND MARINE RESEARCH
- Dynamics of glaciated and unglaciated polar catchments.
- Dynamics of permafrost in changing climate.
- Long-range transport of pollutants to polar regions (the Arctic).
- Application of non-invasive methods to the study of dynamic processes taking place at the ice-ocean boundaries.
- Bottom morphology, sediment structures, fjord hydrology and sedimentation processes in subpolar fjords.
- Mass balance and dynamics of glaciers in Svalbard.
- Polar ecohydrology.
- Remote sensing of the atmosphere in polar regions.
- The impact of climate change on water balance in the polar regions (in the Arctic)
- Dynamics and evolution of coastal zone in the polar regions
MAGNETISM AND PALEOMAGNETISM
- Exploitation of paleomagnetic investigations, the study of magnetic anisotropy and other magnetic properties of rocks to solve geological and paleogeographic problems (i.a. for Poland, Central and Eastern Europe and Spitsbergen).
- The use of the electromagnetic induction phenomenon for the recognition of geoelectric structure of crust and upper mantle.
- Implementation of new methods of analysis of cosmic weather, based on magnetic field variations observed at the Earth’s surface.
- Investigation of magnetic properties of carriers of magnetic remanence in rocks and soils.
- Exploitation of methods of environmental magnetism for recognition of anthropogenic pollution in soils.
- Numerical modelling of electric conductivity distribution in 3D structures.
- Analysis of regional distribution of magnetic field by the use of spherical cup harmonics.
- Application of magnetometry to monitoring of soil and air pollution based on measurements of pollution accumulation on tree leafs, in household dust, on air filters and in soils.
- Theoretical and numerical analysis of the dynamics of liquid Earth’s core (also planetary and stellar interiors), evolution and mechanisms of generation of large scale magnetic fields in nature (methodology: singular perturbation method, WKB, multiple scale analysis, renormalization group theory, stochastic processes and path integrals, mean field theory).
- Investigation of magneto-hydrodynamic instabilities in the Earth’s core and their nonlinear saturation.
- Analysis of magneto-inertial boundary layers in large scale systems such as the Earth’s core.
- Investigation of the influence of density stratification on the dynamics of convection in the presence of magnetic field in the Earth’s core and planetary and stellar interiors.